Copyright

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Trademark

Outpost24® and OUTSCAN™ are trademarks of Outpost24® in Sweden and other countries.


Purpose

This document describes how to set up and manage targets.

Introduction

The Target Groups grid is used to organize targets. Targets are the assets that can be managed in the system.

Icon List

IconNameDescription

New

Clicking New opens the Add New Targets window. The newly created targets will belong to the currently selected target group. 

Show GroupsShow all target groups in which this target has been added to.

Audit Log

To see the changes made to a certain entry, right click on it and select Audit log. This show a dialog with all the changes made to the object that were made by you or one of the users that you administrate.

LookupFilter the target group grid.

Delete

Clicking Delete while having any targets selected deletes them from the system. Multiple targets can be selected for deletion by holding shift while selecting the targets.

Note

Reports for the selected targets are not deleted.

Edit

To edit a target, right-click on it and select Edit. This allows you to set the Hostname, MAC Address, label the systems importance which is used to calculate CVSS scores, and set Virtual host, hidden URLs. It also includes settings to set target to override scan policy.

ExportTo export data from the grid, right click on any entry and select either to export it as HTML or CSV (comma separated values) in the sub menu. This gives you either a HTML page or a CSV file with data that you can save or copy data from.

Settings

Global settings for Target Management

ScanCreate a scan schedule for the target group.

Label Target, Update from ServiceNow, Set Policies on TargetBy right-clicking on a target you can choose to update specific labels or attributes on the target.

Show Scanner, Set Scanners on TargetsLists or set scanners on targets groups.

Refresh

Refresh the grid

Label Targets,Update from ServiceNow, Set Policies on TargetsBy right-clicking on a target group you can choose to update specific labels or attributes on the targets in that group.

Set Target AuthenticationSelect available authentication from a drop down menu

Column Menu

To add or remove columns, hover the mouse over any column name and click the down pointing arrow.

Managing Targets

Create Target

To create a target:

  1. Open the Manage Targets module in Main Menu > Netsec > Manage Targets.
  2. Click on + New in the Targets field to display the Add New Targets window.

    MgnTrgt02.png

    FormatDescription
    fc00::23IPv6
    192.168.200.23|virtualhost,virtualhostIPv4
    192.168.200.1/24CIDR
    192.168.200.3-192.168.200.15IP range
    host.domain.comFQDN
    \\netbios_hostnetBIOS hostname
  3. Fill in the required information in the form fields and click Save.

Targets can also be imported from a Comma Separated Values (csv) file, LDAP/AD, or ServiceNow by clicking on respective Import/Upload button.

OptionDescription
New Target List

Add one or multiple targets using the presented help text.

Note

Private IP addresses cannot be added when using OUTSCAN.

DNS Lookup

Select if a DNS look-up should be performed when adding the IP addresses to the system to get the host name in the system.

NetBIOS Lookup (HIAB only)Select if a NetBIOS look-up should be performed when adding the IP addresses to the system to get the host name in the system.

Scanner

(HIAB only)

Set which scanner that should scan the defined targets. Default is set to local and that is referring to the machine that you are logged on to. If you have a distributed network with multiple scanners that is accepted by the scheduler, you will be able to choose which scanner to use in the drop-down menu. If you have a HIAB External license, the OUTSCAN scanner is also available in the drop-down and should be used if public IPs are to be scanned from the OUTSCAN SaaS solution.
AttributesThis option is used to add additional information about the target. This is displayed as a column with the given field name in the Managed Targets grid.
Upload From FileImport a previously exported target group file or custom Comma Separated Values (csv) file.
Import from LDAP/ADImport targets from LDAP/AD.
Import From ServiceNowImport targets from ServiceNow.



Important

Certain tasks like adding a large/multiple networks can take a long time. When it takes more than 90 seconds, the progress can be viewed in the Task Viewer tab located at the bottom right of the task bar. Task Viewer appears for a user only if  there is at least one task in the list. The three possible states for a task appearing in Task Viewer are:

  • In Progress
  • Done
  • Error

Import from LDAP/AD

The Import from LDAP/AD button displays a window where you can select which targets to import into the HIAB.

OptionDescription
Search FilterStandard LDAP search filter. See Search Filter Syntax on Windows Dev Center for more information.


Import From ServiceNow

The Import from ServiceNow button displays a window where you can select which targets to import into the HIAB from ServiceNow.



OptionDescription
TableTable name containing the targets in ServiceNow.
TagTags are text labels in ServiceNow associated with items such as records and pages.
Asset TagThe Asset tag refers to assets in ServiceNow Asset Management system.
Query

Search query to retrieve the ServiceNow targets.

Upload From File

Import exported target group file or custom Comma Separated Values (csv) file.

OptionDescription
Upload From FileSelect a file to import.
Separator

Define what separator is used in the file.

  • Tab
  • Comma ( , )
  • Semicolon ( ; )
  • Colon ( : )
Text Delimiter

Define what text delimiter is used in the file.

  • Single Quote ( ' )
  • Double Quote ( " )
Skip First LineSelect this to skip the first line.
Ex. for a header line.

Inspecting and Editing Targets

Once targets have been added into a group it will look like this.

Note

Some of the columns does not get populated until the target has been scanned.

MgnTrgt04

To add or remove columns, hover the mouse over any column name and click the down pointing arrow. Click Columns and select the columns you wish to add to the grid:


Options

Description

ARN

The Amazon Resource Name, used to find Amazon Web Services targets during scanning.

Authentication

Flag if authentication is defined on this target.

Authentication Result

The last results of when the authentication where used.

Availability

The targets availability, used for CVSS score calculation.

Business Criticality

This attribute describes how important the target is.

  • low
  • medium
  • high
  • critical

CD Potential

The targets collateral damage potential, used for CVSS score calculation.

Confidentiality

The targets confidentiality, used for CVSS score calculation.

Exposed

This attribute can be set to determine if the target is exposed to the internet or not. It is automatically set for certain IP ranges but can be changed later.

Hidden URLs

A list of hidden URLs for the web app scanner to crawl. Hidden URLs are URLs that cannot be reached by crawling the default address.

Host Name

The targets host name.

Instance ID

Instance ID for Amazon Web Service targets.

Integrity

The targets integrity, used for CVSS score calculation.

IP Address

The IP address of the target.

Last Discovery Date

The last date the IP was detected in a discovery scan.

Latest Scan Date

The most recent date that a scan was run.

Latest Scan Status

Status of the most recent scan.

Latest Successful Scan Date

The date when the last successful scan was executed against this target.

MAC Address

The targets MAC address.

NetBIOS

The targets NetBIOS name.

Next Scan Date

The next date and time when this target will be scanned.

Override Scan Policy

Shows if the settings for the targets overrides the scan policy. This can be done by editing the target and setting specific scan settings for that target only.

Platform

The detected OS platform of the target.

Request Body Blacklist

Shows the request body blacklist for the target.

Scan Update Signature Available

Shows if there is a scan update signature available for the target.

Scanner (HIAB only)

Scans against the target will be executed by this scanner. Only visible when at least one scanner is registered.

Target Distribution

The targets distribution, used for CVSS score calculation.

URL Blacklist

Shows the URL Blacklist for the target.

Uses License

Shows if this target is using your license or not.

Virtual Host Names

Shows the hostnames of any virtual hosts.


Edit Target

When right clicking on any target in the Target section the following menu are displayed:


Options

Description

Show Groups

Show all target groups in which this target has been added to.

Perform DNS lookupTo perform a DNS lookup on an individual target, right-click on the target and select Perform DNS lookup. This tries to determine the targets host name and store that information in the system.

Perform MAC Lookup
(HIAB only)

To perform a MAC lookup on the selected target, right-click on the target and select Perform MAC Lookup.
Perform NetBIOS lookup (HIAB only)To perform a NetBIOS lookup on the selected target, right-click on the target and select Perform NetBIOS Lookup.
Label Targets

By right-clicking on a target you can choose to update specific labels or attributes on the target(s).

Update from ServiceNowUpdate the target with information from ServiceNow.
Set Policies on TargetsSelect policies for the target.
Scan

Create Scan Schedule for the selected target.
See Scan Scheduling on more information about creating a scan schedule.

NewAdd a new target. See Create_Target.
Delete

Clicking Delete while having any targets selected deletes them from the system. Multiple targets can be selected for deletion by holding shift while selecting the targets.

Note

Reports for the selected targets are not deleted.

Edit

To edit a target, right-click on it and select Edit. This allows you to set the Hostname, MAC Address, label the systems importance which is used to calculate CVSS scores, and set Virtual host, hidden URLs. It also includes settings to set target to override scan policy.

Audit log

To see the changes made to a certain entry, right click on it and select Audit log. This show a dialog with all the changes made to the object that were made by you or one of the users that you administrate.

Export

To export data from the grid, right click on any entry and select either to export it as HTML or CSV (comma separated values) in the sub menu. This gives you either a HTML page or a CSV file with data that you can save or copy data from.

Note

The CSV export function in the grid has a limit of 100k rows.

Show Scan Results

Shows latest scan results for this target in the Reporting Tools.

Remove from groupClicking on Remove from group while one or more targets have been selected, removes them from the group.


To edit a target:

Right click on the specific target and select Edit.

The Maintaining Target window is displayed.


In the top of the window you find the general information about the target that you are editing.

Note

The field MAC-Address does not get populated until the target has been scanned.

The following tabs are present in the Maintaining Target window:

WEB Settings

Options

Description

Virtual Hosts

If there are one or multiple virtual hosts on the target, you can add them here.

Note

Up to 10 virtual hosts can be defined per target.

Hidden URLs

Add URLs that cannot be crawled from the default site. URLs that are added here will be crawled separately.

URL Blacklist

Add URLs that you would like the scanner NOT to scan. Most common blacklisted URL is the site’s logout URL to prevent the scanner from logging itself out.

Request Body Blacklist

Add body blacklists.


CVSS Score Tab

Use the drop-down menus in this tab to evaluate the impact of a security breach on the target. Grade the availability, integrity,  confidentiality, along with the Collateral Damage Potential and this will be considered when the CVSS score is being set. This is done to personalize the CVSS scores as some targets are more valuable than other.

 

Attributes Tab

This tab is only displayed if the user has one or more custom attributes configured to be shown in Targets. This is to add the ability to add additional information about the target.

Note

Target attributes can be set in Main Menu > Settings > Account > Attributes tab.

See Attributes for information on how to add personal attributes columns.

Override Scan Policy Tab

This tab will give you the ability to set what vulnerabilities will be searched/not searched for on this target. This will override the scan policy used for the scan of this target.

Note

For more information about scan policies, see Scan Scheduling document.


 

Authentication Tab

Use this tab to fill in information that will help the scanner to authenticate against the target every time it gets scanned. Authentication allows the scanner to access registry keys and perform sudo-commands which greatly increases the scan accuracy. 

SSH

See Authenticated Scanning using SSH for more information.


SMB

Contains the authentication settings and credentials used to enable Authenticated Scanning using SMB.

Note

For more information, see Authenticated Scanning using SMB.


Option

Description

SMB domain

The SMB domain to use when scanning the remote host. 

SMB allow NTLMv1

Whether to allow authentication using NTLMv1. 

SMB username

The username to use when attempting to log on to the remote host via SMB. 

SMB password

The password to use when attempting to log on to the remote host via SMB. 

Enable remote registry

If this option is checked, the scanner starts the Remote Registry Service using the provided user details and once finished, disable the service again. 

vSphere

Note

vSphere credentials are only used if a compliance scan is running. In addition, the target must have a ESXI compliance policy enabled.

Contains the authentication/configuration settings for the VMware vSphere. If configured, they are used when scanning targets running this service.

OptionDescription
vSphere usernameThe username to use when attempting to log on to vSphere.
vSphere passwordThe password to use when attempting to log on to vSphere.
Ignore certificate validationAllows the authentication and operations to continue even if the vSphere certificate is not valid.


CyberArk SSH

Contains the authentication settings and credentials used to enable Authenticated Scanning using CyberArk SSH.

Note

See Integration for more information.


OptionDescription
UsernameProvide your username to authenticate against CyberArk Server.
Object nameCheck your CyberArk Vault administrator and provide the object name.
Override safeProvide a different safe name in case you wish to override the existing safe name.
Override folderProvide a different folder name in case you wish to override the existing folder names.
CyberArk SMB

Contains the authentication settings and credentials used to enable Authenticated Scanning using CyberArk SMB.

Note

See Integration for more information.



OptionDescription
UsernameProvide your username to authenticate against CyberArk Server.
Object nameCheck your CyberArk Vault administrator and provide the object name.
Override safeProvide a different safe name in case you wish to override the existing safe name.
Override folderProvide a different folder name in case you wish to override the existing folder names.
SMB domainThe SMB domain to use when scanning the remote host. 
SMB allow NTLMv1Whether to allow authentication using NTLMv1.
Enable remote regestryIf this option is checked, the scanner starts the Remote Registry Service using the provided user details and once finished, disable the service again. 
Thycotic SSH /SMB

Contains the authentication settings and credentials used to enable Authenticated Scanning using Thycotic SSH or Thycotic SMB.

Note

See Integration for more information.

 
OptionDescription
Thycotic Config

Select the config from the drop-down list.

Secret name

Provide the name of the Secret. 

Note

When the user provides a phrase, it searches for the name matching the given phrase. The first name matched is used. ${IP} will get replaced by the target IP.  ${HOSTNAME} will get replaced by the host name of the target.

Override path

Provide a new path to cancel using the existing path.

SSH substitute user command

The use of the following commands is to execute commands with a different user/privilege escalation.

  1. sudo: This command is found in most of the Linux based systems (or can be installed). Used to execute commands as a different user (other than the one used to log in). From the tools perspective, it uses root account to perform the commands.
  2. doas: It is an OpenBSD based command. 95% of its features are like sudo. https://man.openbsd.org/doas
  3. sesu: It is an IBM implementation of su.
  4. dzdo: Used in Linux/Unix (can be installed at will). An alternative to sudo.
  5. pfexec: Mostly used in Solaris.
  6. custom: It gives a flexibility to use a custom defined privilege escalation command. 
SSH custom user commandThis field is available when the user selects custom in the SSH substitute user command field. Add a custom command for escalating privilege.
SMB allow NTLMv1Check this box to enable the authentication using NTLMv1.
Enable remote registryIf enabled, the scanner initiates the Remote Registry service with the given details. Disable the service when the scan is finished.

Compliance Scanning Tab

The Compliance Scanning tab is available if you have a Compliance Scanning license.

Caution

The policies for the Compliance Scanning can be set only through Maintaining Scan Schedule window. Refer to Scan Scheduling guide for detailed information.





Databases

Use this tab to fill in information that will help the scanner to authenticate against a database on the target. This is only used when running a compliance scan and if a SQL database has been defined.

The settings for the database targets can be edited by right-click a database and and select edit in the menu.

OptionDescription
Type

Select one of the database types from the drop-down menu:

  • PostgresSQL
  • MySQL
  • DB2
  • Oracle
  • MS SQL
DatabaseName of the database.
PortThe port number database connector is using to communicate.
UsernameThe username used to authenticate against external database server.
PasswordThe password used to authenticate against external database server.


Reference